Article Search
검색
검색 팝업 닫기

Metrics

Help

  • 1. Aims and Scope

    Gut and Liver is an international journal of gastroenterology, focusing on the gastrointestinal tract, liver, biliary tree, pancreas, motility, and neurogastroenterology. Gut atnd Liver delivers up-to-date, authoritative papers on both clinical and research-based topics in gastroenterology. The Journal publishes original articles, case reports, brief communications, letters to the editor and invited review articles in the field of gastroenterology. The Journal is operated by internationally renowned editorial boards and designed to provide a global opportunity to promote academic developments in the field of gastroenterology and hepatology. +MORE

  • 2. Editorial Board

    Editor-in-Chief + MORE

    Editor-in-Chief
    Yong Chan Lee Professor of Medicine
    Director, Gastrointestinal Research Laboratory
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Univ. California San Francisco
    San Francisco, USA

    Deputy Editor

    Deputy Editor
    Jong Pil Im Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Robert S. Bresalier University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA
    Steven H. Itzkowitz Mount Sinai Medical Center, NY, USA
  • 3. Editorial Office
  • 4. Articles
  • 5. Instructions for Authors
  • 6. File Download (PDF version)
  • 7. Ethical Standards
  • 8. Peer Review

    All papers submitted to Gut and Liver are reviewed by the editorial team before being sent out for an external peer review to rule out papers that have low priority, insufficient originality, scientific flaws, or the absence of a message of importance to the readers of the Journal. A decision about these papers will usually be made within two or three weeks.
    The remaining articles are usually sent to two reviewers. It would be very helpful if you could suggest a selection of reviewers and include their contact details. We may not always use the reviewers you recommend, but suggesting reviewers will make our reviewer database much richer; in the end, everyone will benefit. We reserve the right to return manuscripts in which no reviewers are suggested.

    The final responsibility for the decision to accept or reject lies with the editors. In many cases, papers may be rejected despite favorable reviews because of editorial policy or a lack of space. The editor retains the right to determine publication priorities, the style of the paper, and to request, if necessary, that the material submitted be shortened for publication.

Search

Search

Year

to

Article Type

Case Report

Split Viewer

Hepatic Failure Caused by Reactivation of YMDD Mutants Occurring during Preemptive Lamivudine Therapy

Chan Ran You*, Jeong Won Jang*, Jae Ki Choi*, Si Hyun Bae*, Seung Kew Yoon*, Chul Seung Kay, and Jong Young Choi*

Departments of *Internal Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea

Correspondence to: Jeong Won Jang

Gut Liver 2010;4(2):262-265. https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl.2010.4.2.262

Published online November 30, -0001, Published date June 30, 2010

Copyright © Gut and Liver.

Abstract

Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication is a frequent phenomenon in patients receiving immunosuppressants or chemotherapy. It was recently reported that regional therapy, such as transarterial chemotherapy (TAC) or radiotherapy, can also induce HBV reactivation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and this can be prevented by preemptive lamivudine treatment. We report an unusual case of fatal hepatitis caused by reactivation of the tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate (YMDD) lamivudine-resistant strain in a 51-year-old male patient with HCC who was receiving preemptive lamivudine therapy. This patient received combined helical tomotherapy and TAC for the treatment of HCC with pulmonary metastasis. HBV reactivation and hepatitis exacerbation occurred after 2 months of therapy, but preemptive antiviral therapy was continued. Laboratory tests showed that the serum HBV DNA level had increased by more than 10,000-fold and a severe elevation of the aminotransferase level to 1,060 U/L. Although adefovir was added to lamivudine immediately after detecting the YMDD mutants, the patient eventually died of hepatic failure. Our experience suggests that for preemptive therapy, the use of potent antiviral drugs with a low risk of drug resistance as well as close viral monitoring are important for chronic HBV carriers undergoing intensive anticancer therapy. (Gut Liver 2010;4:262-265)

Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma, Viral reactivation, Hepatic failure, Radiotherapy, Transarterial chemotherapy


Article

Case Report

Gut and Liver 2010; 4(2): 262-265

Published online June 30, 2010 https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl.2010.4.2.262

Copyright © Gut and Liver.

Hepatic Failure Caused by Reactivation of YMDD Mutants Occurring during Preemptive Lamivudine Therapy

Chan Ran You*, Jeong Won Jang*, Jae Ki Choi*, Si Hyun Bae*, Seung Kew Yoon*, Chul Seung Kay, and Jong Young Choi*

Departments of *Internal Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea

Correspondence to:Jeong Won Jang

Abstract

Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication is a frequent phenomenon in patients receiving immunosuppressants or chemotherapy. It was recently reported that regional therapy, such as transarterial chemotherapy (TAC) or radiotherapy, can also induce HBV reactivation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and this can be prevented by preemptive lamivudine treatment. We report an unusual case of fatal hepatitis caused by reactivation of the tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate (YMDD) lamivudine-resistant strain in a 51-year-old male patient with HCC who was receiving preemptive lamivudine therapy. This patient received combined helical tomotherapy and TAC for the treatment of HCC with pulmonary metastasis. HBV reactivation and hepatitis exacerbation occurred after 2 months of therapy, but preemptive antiviral therapy was continued. Laboratory tests showed that the serum HBV DNA level had increased by more than 10,000-fold and a severe elevation of the aminotransferase level to 1,060 U/L. Although adefovir was added to lamivudine immediately after detecting the YMDD mutants, the patient eventually died of hepatic failure. Our experience suggests that for preemptive therapy, the use of potent antiviral drugs with a low risk of drug resistance as well as close viral monitoring are important for chronic HBV carriers undergoing intensive anticancer therapy. (Gut Liver 2010;4:262-265)

Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma, Viral reactivation, Hepatic failure, Radiotherapy, Transarterial chemotherapy

Gut and Liver

Vol.16 No.5
September, 2022

pISSN 1976-2283
eISSN 2005-1212

qrcode
qrcode

Share this article on :

  • line

Popular Keywords

Gut and LiverQR code Download
qr-code

Editorial Office