Article Search
검색
검색 팝업 닫기

Metrics

Help

  • 1. Aims and Scope

    Gut and Liver is an international journal of gastroenterology, focusing on the gastrointestinal tract, liver, biliary tree, pancreas, motility, and neurogastroenterology. Gut atnd Liver delivers up-to-date, authoritative papers on both clinical and research-based topics in gastroenterology. The Journal publishes original articles, case reports, brief communications, letters to the editor and invited review articles in the field of gastroenterology. The Journal is operated by internationally renowned editorial boards and designed to provide a global opportunity to promote academic developments in the field of gastroenterology and hepatology. +MORE

  • 2. Editorial Board

    Editor-in-Chief + MORE

    Editor-in-Chief
    Yong Chan Lee Professor of Medicine
    Director, Gastrointestinal Research Laboratory
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Univ. California San Francisco
    San Francisco, USA

    Deputy Editor

    Deputy Editor
    Jong Pil Im Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Robert S. Bresalier University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA
    Steven H. Itzkowitz Mount Sinai Medical Center, NY, USA
  • 3. Editorial Office
  • 4. Articles
  • 5. Instructions for Authors
  • 6. File Download (PDF version)
  • 7. Ethical Standards
  • 8. Peer Review

    All papers submitted to Gut and Liver are reviewed by the editorial team before being sent out for an external peer review to rule out papers that have low priority, insufficient originality, scientific flaws, or the absence of a message of importance to the readers of the Journal. A decision about these papers will usually be made within two or three weeks.
    The remaining articles are usually sent to two reviewers. It would be very helpful if you could suggest a selection of reviewers and include their contact details. We may not always use the reviewers you recommend, but suggesting reviewers will make our reviewer database much richer; in the end, everyone will benefit. We reserve the right to return manuscripts in which no reviewers are suggested.

    The final responsibility for the decision to accept or reject lies with the editors. In many cases, papers may be rejected despite favorable reviews because of editorial policy or a lack of space. The editor retains the right to determine publication priorities, the style of the paper, and to request, if necessary, that the material submitted be shortened for publication.

Search

Search

Year

to

Article Type

ahead

Split Viewer

Online first

Chemopreventive Effect of Metformin on Gastric Cancer Development

Ka Shing Cheung1,2 , Kit Lam Chung3 , Wai K. Leung1

1Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, 2Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, 3Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Correspondence to:Wai K. Leung
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5993-1059
E-mail waikleung@hku.hk

Received: March 25, 2021; Revised: April 17, 2021; Accepted: May 12, 2021

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Gut and Liver

Published online June 25, 2021

Copyright © Gut and Liver.

Abstract

Although Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important causative factor for gastric cancer (GC), H. pylori eradication alone does not completely eliminate the GC risk. In addition to H. pylori eradication, other risk factors for GC should be identified and targeted. Diabetes mellitus (DM) confers a 20% increased risk of GC, which could be mediated via several biological mechanisms including the stimulation of cell proliferation via hyperinsulinemia and increased insulingrowth factor production, the promotion of angiogenesis, and DNA damage. With a current global prevalence of 9.3% and a predicted rise to 10.2% by 2030, DM could contribute substantially to the burden of GC cases worldwide. Emerging evidence showed that metformin possesses chemopreventive effects via both direct (e.g., adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase activation and subsequent inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway) and indirect (e.g., modulation of the interaction between tumor cells and their microenvironment and gut microbiota) pathways. A recent meta-analysis of observational studies showed that metformin use was associated with 24% lower GC risk. However, many available observational studies related to metformin effects suffered from biases including the failure to adjust for the H. pylori infection status and serial glycemic control and time-related biases. Future prospective studies addressing these pitfalls are needed.

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, Chemoprevention, Diabetes mellitus, Metformin, Gut microbiota


Article

ahead

Gut and Liver

Published online June 25, 2021

Copyright © Gut and Liver.

Chemopreventive Effect of Metformin on Gastric Cancer Development

Ka Shing Cheung1,2 , Kit Lam Chung3 , Wai K. Leung1

1Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, 2Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, 3Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Correspondence to:Wai K. Leung
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5993-1059
E-mail waikleung@hku.hk

Received: March 25, 2021; Revised: April 17, 2021; Accepted: May 12, 2021

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Although Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important causative factor for gastric cancer (GC), H. pylori eradication alone does not completely eliminate the GC risk. In addition to H. pylori eradication, other risk factors for GC should be identified and targeted. Diabetes mellitus (DM) confers a 20% increased risk of GC, which could be mediated via several biological mechanisms including the stimulation of cell proliferation via hyperinsulinemia and increased insulingrowth factor production, the promotion of angiogenesis, and DNA damage. With a current global prevalence of 9.3% and a predicted rise to 10.2% by 2030, DM could contribute substantially to the burden of GC cases worldwide. Emerging evidence showed that metformin possesses chemopreventive effects via both direct (e.g., adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase activation and subsequent inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway) and indirect (e.g., modulation of the interaction between tumor cells and their microenvironment and gut microbiota) pathways. A recent meta-analysis of observational studies showed that metformin use was associated with 24% lower GC risk. However, many available observational studies related to metformin effects suffered from biases including the failure to adjust for the H. pylori infection status and serial glycemic control and time-related biases. Future prospective studies addressing these pitfalls are needed.

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, Chemoprevention, Diabetes mellitus, Metformin, Gut microbiota

Gut and Liver

Vol.15 No.5
September, 2021

pISSN 1976-2283
eISSN 2005-1212

qrcode
qrcode

Share this article on :

  • line

Popular Keywords

Gut and LiverQR code Download
qr-code

Editorial Office