Department of Healthcare, Social Insurance Shiga Hospital, Otsu, Japan.
The presence of
The subjects included 311 volunteers. We used Meridian HpSA ELISA for the HpSA test and Pepsinogen RIA Beads for the PG test. PG I at ≤70 ?g/L and I/II ratio of ≤3.0 were used as cutoffs for PG-test positivity.
Positivity rates in HpSA and PG tests significantly increased with age in those younger than 60 years and in all age groups, respectively. The proportions of HpSA-/PG- and HpSA+/PG+ sujects decreased and increased with age, respectively. A small proportion of HpSA-/PG+ subjects were older than 40 years. The prevalence of subjects who were either HpSA+ or PG+ increased with age (>50% of those older than 40 years). Half of the subjects older than 60 years were PG+.
In Japan, more than 50% of general population aged ≥40 years is at a high risk of gastric cancer, and half of the population aged ≥60 years is at a very high risk.