Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated YanAn Hospital of Kunming Medical College, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Massive rectal bleeding from the appendix, considered a rare case of lower gastrointestinal bleeding, is not easily recognized by various diagnostic modalities. A multidisciplinary approach for both a diagnosis and a differential diagnosis is important because the identification of the bleeding site is crucial to proceed to a proper intervention and there are various causes of appendiceal bleeding. Because early colonoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage, we report a case of a life threatening massive rectal bleeding from the appendix diagnosed by colonoscopy. We also present a review of the literature.