Gut and Liver 2011; 5(1): 1-14 https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl.2011.5.1.1 Endoscopic Papillary Balloon Dilation for Removal of Choledocholithiasis: Indications, Advantages, Complications, and Long-Term Follow-Up Results
Author Information
Joo Won Chung and Jae Bock Chung
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Jae Bock Chung
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is an alternative method of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). Although concerns regarding post-procedure pancreatitis have been expressed, EPBD has come to be recognized as an effective and safe method for stone removal in specific cases. To analyze the proper indications, ideal methods, complications, and long-term follow-up results for EPBD, we reviewed articles about EPBD located through a search of the PubMed data base. We analyzed the ballooning methods, indications, results and complications of EPBD among the articles found and compared the results with those of EST. We considered the authors'' own clinical experience and knowledge in developing recommendations for EPBD. EPBD showed similar effi cacy and safety for the removal of choledocholithiasis to that of EST. Although large or multiple stones were diffi cult to remove by EPBD, it was safer and easier to apply in patients with coagulopathy or abnormal anatomy. To prevent severe pancreatitis, excessive ballooning and impractical cannulation should be avoided, and precut sphincterotomy or adjuvant prophylaxis should be considered. Due to its preservation of the sphincter of Oddi, EPBD is expected to have fewer long-term complications, such as stone recurrence, cholangitis and cholecystitis. In conclusion, EPBD appears to be safe and effective for the treatment of choledocholithiasis with proper selection of ballooning methods and patients. (Gut Liver 2011;5:1-14)
Keywords: Choledocholithiasis; Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation; Endoscopic sphincterotomy; Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation
Abstract
Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is an alternative method of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). Although concerns regarding post-procedure pancreatitis have been expressed, EPBD has come to be recognized as an effective and safe method for stone removal in specific cases. To analyze the proper indications, ideal methods, complications, and long-term follow-up results for EPBD, we reviewed articles about EPBD located through a search of the PubMed data base. We analyzed the ballooning methods, indications, results and complications of EPBD among the articles found and compared the results with those of EST. We considered the authors'' own clinical experience and knowledge in developing recommendations for EPBD. EPBD showed similar effi cacy and safety for the removal of choledocholithiasis to that of EST. Although large or multiple stones were diffi cult to remove by EPBD, it was safer and easier to apply in patients with coagulopathy or abnormal anatomy. To prevent severe pancreatitis, excessive ballooning and impractical cannulation should be avoided, and precut sphincterotomy or adjuvant prophylaxis should be considered. Due to its preservation of the sphincter of Oddi, EPBD is expected to have fewer long-term complications, such as stone recurrence, cholangitis and cholecystitis. In conclusion, EPBD appears to be safe and effective for the treatment of choledocholithiasis with proper selection of ballooning methods and patients. (Gut Liver 2011;5:1-14)
Keywords: Choledocholithiasis; Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation; Endoscopic sphincterotomy; Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation
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