Gut and Liver 2010; 4(4): 466-474 https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl.2010.4.4.466 Helicobacter pylori Seropositivity Is Associated with Gastric Cancer Regardless of Tumor Subtype in Korea
Author Information
Soo-Jeong Cho*, Il Ju Choi*, Chan Gyoo Kim*, Jong Yeul Lee*, Myeong-Cherl Kook*, Moon-Woo Seong*, Sook Ryun Park*, Jong Seok Lee*, Young-Woo Kim*, Keun Won Ryu*, Jun Ho Lee*, Byung-Ho Nam, and Young-Iee Park*
*Research Institute and Hospital, Center for Clinical Trials, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Il Ju Choi
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background/Aims: To evaluate the association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and gastric cancer (GC) according to tumor subtype in Korea. Methods: H. pylori status was determined serologically using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In total, 2,819 patients with GC and 562 healthy controls were studied. A logistic regression method was used after adjusting for possible confounders. Results: The prevalence of H. pylori infection was significantly higher in the GC patients (84.7%) than in the controls (66.7%) (odds ratio [OR], 3.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.46-3.97). The adjusted OR was significantly higher in H.-pylori-infected patients aged <60 years (OR, 4.69; 95% CI, 3.44-6.38) than in those aged ≥60 years (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 0.88-2.46; p<0.001). Subgroup analyses revealed no differences in seroprevalence between early gastric cancer (84.8%; OR, 3.01; 95% CI, 2.27-4.01) and advanced gastric cancer (84.6%; OR, 2.94; 95% CI, 2.24-3.85), cardia cancer (83.8%; OR, 2.98; 95% CI, 2.16-4.02) and noncardia cancer (84.8%; OR, 3.17; 95% CI, 2.48-4.04), and differentiated carcinoma (82.7%; OR, 2.99; 95% CI, 2.21-4.04) and undifferentiated carcinoma (86.8%; OR, 3.05; 95% CI, 2.32-4.00). Conclusions: The seroprevalence of H. pylori was higher in GC patients than in healthy controls, especially in younger patients. H. pylori infection is associated with GC, regardless of the tumor location, stage, or differentiation. (Gut Liver 2010;4:466-474)
Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; Gastric cancer; Prevalence; Odds ratio; Subgroup analysis
Abstract
Background/Aims: To evaluate the association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and gastric cancer (GC) according to tumor subtype in Korea. Methods: H. pylori status was determined serologically using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In total, 2,819 patients with GC and 562 healthy controls were studied. A logistic regression method was used after adjusting for possible confounders. Results: The prevalence of H. pylori infection was significantly higher in the GC patients (84.7%) than in the controls (66.7%) (odds ratio [OR], 3.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.46-3.97). The adjusted OR was significantly higher in H.-pylori-infected patients aged <60 years (OR, 4.69; 95% CI, 3.44-6.38) than in those aged ≥60 years (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 0.88-2.46; p<0.001). Subgroup analyses revealed no differences in seroprevalence between early gastric cancer (84.8%; OR, 3.01; 95% CI, 2.27-4.01) and advanced gastric cancer (84.6%; OR, 2.94; 95% CI, 2.24-3.85), cardia cancer (83.8%; OR, 2.98; 95% CI, 2.16-4.02) and noncardia cancer (84.8%; OR, 3.17; 95% CI, 2.48-4.04), and differentiated carcinoma (82.7%; OR, 2.99; 95% CI, 2.21-4.04) and undifferentiated carcinoma (86.8%; OR, 3.05; 95% CI, 2.32-4.00). Conclusions: The seroprevalence of H. pylori was higher in GC patients than in healthy controls, especially in younger patients. H. pylori infection is associated with GC, regardless of the tumor location, stage, or differentiation. (Gut Liver 2010;4:466-474)
Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; Gastric cancer; Prevalence; Odds ratio; Subgroup analysis
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