Gut and Liver https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl19087 The Implication of Cytogenetic Alterations in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma and Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm Identified by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization and Their Potential Diagnostic Utility
Author Information
Chang-Sup Lim1 , Kyongok Im2,3 , Dong Soon Lee2,3 , Wooil Kwon3,4 , Jae Ri Kim3,4 , Youngmin Han3,4 , Sun-Whe Kim3,4 , and Jin-Young Jang3,4
1Department of Surgery, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 3Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and 4Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Jin-Young Jang
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2072-2194, Fax: +82-2-741-2194, E-mail: jangjy4@snu.ac.kr
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background/Aims: We investigated chromosomal aberrations in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to identify cytogenetic changes and molecular markers that may be useful for preoperative diagnosis. Methods: Tissue samples from 48 PDAC and 17 IPMN patients were investigated by FISH analysis using probes targeting chromosomes 7q, 17p, 18q, 20q, and 21q and the pericentromeric region of chromosome 18 (CEP18). Results: The PDAC samples harbored 17p deletion (95.8%), 18q deletion (83.3%), CEP18 deletion (81.2%), 20q gain (81.2%), 21q deletion (77.1%), and 7q gain (70.8%). The IPMN samples had 17p deletion (94.1%), CEP18 deletion (94.1%), 21q deletion (70.6%), 18q deletion (58.8%), 20q gain (58.8%), and 7q gain (58.8%). A significant difference in CEP18 gain was identified between the PDAC and IPMN groups (p=0.029). Detection of 17p or 18q deletion had the highest diagnostic accuracy (80.0%) for PDAC. Conclusions: Chromosomal alterations were frequently identified in both PDAC and IPMN with similar patterns. CEP18 gain and 17p and 18q deletions might be involved in the later stages of PDAC tumorigenesis. Chromosome 17p and 18q deletions might be excellent diagnostic markers.
Keywords: Carcinoma, pancreatic ductal; Pancreatic intraductal neoplasms; In situ hybridization, fluorescence; Chromosomal aberrations
Abstract
Background/Aims: We investigated chromosomal aberrations in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to identify cytogenetic changes and molecular markers that may be useful for preoperative diagnosis. Methods: Tissue samples from 48 PDAC and 17 IPMN patients were investigated by FISH analysis using probes targeting chromosomes 7q, 17p, 18q, 20q, and 21q and the pericentromeric region of chromosome 18 (CEP18). Results: The PDAC samples harbored 17p deletion (95.8%), 18q deletion (83.3%), CEP18 deletion (81.2%), 20q gain (81.2%), 21q deletion (77.1%), and 7q gain (70.8%). The IPMN samples had 17p deletion (94.1%), CEP18 deletion (94.1%), 21q deletion (70.6%), 18q deletion (58.8%), 20q gain (58.8%), and 7q gain (58.8%). A significant difference in CEP18 gain was identified between the PDAC and IPMN groups (p=0.029). Detection of 17p or 18q deletion had the highest diagnostic accuracy (80.0%) for PDAC. Conclusions: Chromosomal alterations were frequently identified in both PDAC and IPMN with similar patterns. CEP18 gain and 17p and 18q deletions might be involved in the later stages of PDAC tumorigenesis. Chromosome 17p and 18q deletions might be excellent diagnostic markers.
Keywords: Carcinoma, pancreatic ductal; Pancreatic intraductal neoplasms; In situ hybridization, fluorescence; Chromosomal aberrations
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