Gut and Liver https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl19137 Long-term Outcomes of Adalimumab Therapy in Korean Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Hospital-Based Cohort Study
Author Information
Eun Hye Oh1 , Jeongseok Kim1 , Namseok Ham1 , Sung Wook Hwang1,2 , Sang Hyoung Park1,2 , Dong-Hoon Yang1 , Jeong-Sik Byeon1 , Seung-Jae Myung1 , Suk-Kyun Yang1,2 , and Byong Duk Ye1,2
1Department of Gastroenterology, and 2Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Byong Duk Ye
Department of Gastroenterology, and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05505, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3010-3181, Fax: +82-2-476-0824, E-mail: bdye@amc.seoul.kr
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background/Aims: Studies on long-term outcomes of adalimumab therapy in non-Caucasian patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are lacking. Methods: We analyzed long-term outcomes of Korean UC patients treated with adalimumab at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Results: Between July 2013 and October 2018, adalimumab therapy was started in a total of 100 patients with UC (65 males [65.0%]; median age, 39.5 years [interquartile range, 23.3 to 49.8 years]; and median disease duration, 3.0 years [interquartile range, 1.0 to 7.0 years]). The median duration of adalimumab therapy was 13.5 months (interquartile range, 4.0 to 32.0 months). Eight of 100 patients (8.0%) received induction therapy only, four (4.0%) of whom ultimately underwent colectomy. Of 92 patients who received adalimumab maintenance therapy, 30 (30.0%) stopped adalimumab therapy due to loss of response, and one patient (1.0%) was lost to follow-up. Among the 92 patients who received adalimumab maintenance therapy, the cumulative proportions of patients remaining on adalimumab maintenance therapy were 70.0% at 1 year and 48.9% at 5 years. High partial Mayo score after 8 weeks of adalimumab therapy (hazard ratio [HR], 1.217; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.040 to 1.425; p=0.014) and a history of exposure to two biologic agents before adalimumab therapy (HR, 4.722; CI, 1.033 to 21.586; p=0.045) were predictors of adalimumab discontinuation. Conclusions: Long-term outcomes of adalimumab therapy in Korean UC patients appear to be comparable to those in previously published Western studies. Furthermore, previous exposure to multiple biologic agents before adalimumab therapy and disease activity after 8 weeks of adalimumab therapy were predictors of adalimumab discontinuation.
Keywords: Colitis, ulcerative; Adalimumab; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Prognosis
Abstract
Background/Aims: Studies on long-term outcomes of adalimumab therapy in non-Caucasian patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are lacking. Methods: We analyzed long-term outcomes of Korean UC patients treated with adalimumab at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Results: Between July 2013 and October 2018, adalimumab therapy was started in a total of 100 patients with UC (65 males [65.0%]; median age, 39.5 years [interquartile range, 23.3 to 49.8 years]; and median disease duration, 3.0 years [interquartile range, 1.0 to 7.0 years]). The median duration of adalimumab therapy was 13.5 months (interquartile range, 4.0 to 32.0 months). Eight of 100 patients (8.0%) received induction therapy only, four (4.0%) of whom ultimately underwent colectomy. Of 92 patients who received adalimumab maintenance therapy, 30 (30.0%) stopped adalimumab therapy due to loss of response, and one patient (1.0%) was lost to follow-up. Among the 92 patients who received adalimumab maintenance therapy, the cumulative proportions of patients remaining on adalimumab maintenance therapy were 70.0% at 1 year and 48.9% at 5 years. High partial Mayo score after 8 weeks of adalimumab therapy (hazard ratio [HR], 1.217; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.040 to 1.425; p=0.014) and a history of exposure to two biologic agents before adalimumab therapy (HR, 4.722; CI, 1.033 to 21.586; p=0.045) were predictors of adalimumab discontinuation. Conclusions: Long-term outcomes of adalimumab therapy in Korean UC patients appear to be comparable to those in previously published Western studies. Furthermore, previous exposure to multiple biologic agents before adalimumab therapy and disease activity after 8 weeks of adalimumab therapy were predictors of adalimumab discontinuation.
Keywords: Colitis, ulcerative; Adalimumab; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Prognosis
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