Gut and Liver https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl18537 Impact of Hospital Volume and the Experience of the Endoscopist on Adverse Events Related to Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography: A Prospective Observational Study
Author Information
Hyunjik Lee1, Chang-Min Cho2*, Jun Heo3, Min Kyu Jung3, Tae Nyun Kim4, Kook Hyun kim4, Hyunsoo Kim5, Kwang Bum Cho1, Ho Gak Kim6, Jimin Han6, Dong Wook Lee6 and Yoon Suk Lee7
1Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Korea
2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Korea
3Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea
4Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea
5Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea
6Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea
7Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea

Chang Min Cho
Center for Pancreatobiliary tumor, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, 807 Hokuk-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu 41404, Korea
Tel: +82-53-200-2608, Fax: +82-53-200-2608, E-mail: cmcho@knu.ac.kr
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background/Aims: Few studies have addressed the relationship between the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) associated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and hospital case volume or the experience of the endoscopist, but the results have been inconsistent. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of hospital case volume and the experience of the endoscopist on the AEs associated with ERCP and to analyze patient- and procedure-related risk factors for post-ERCP AEs. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2015, we prospectively enrolled patients with naïve papilla who underwent ERCP at six centers. Patient- and procedure-related variables were recorded on data collection sheets at the time of and after ERCP. Results: A total of 1,191 patients (median age, 71 years) were consecutively enrolled; 846 (71.0%) were from four high-volume centers, and 345 (29.0%) were from two low-volume centers. The overall success rate of deep bile duct cannulation was 96.6%. Overall, 244 patients (20.5%) experienced post-ERCP AEs, including pancreatitis (9.0%), bleeding (11.8%), perforation (0.4%), cholangitis (1.2%), and others (0.9%). While post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was more common when the procedure was performed by less experienced endoscopists, bleeding was more common when the procedure was performed in high-volume centers and by less experienced endoscopists. Multivariate analysis showed that a less experience in ERCP was significantly associated with PEP (odds ratio [OR], 1.630; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.050 to 2.531; p=0.030) and post-ERCP bleeding (OR, 1.439; 95% CI, 1.003 to 2.062; p=0.048). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that overall AEs following ERCP were associated with the experience of the endoscopist. To minimize post-ERCP AEs, rigorous training with a sufficient case volume is required, and treatment strategies should be modified according to the endoscopist’s expertise.
Keywords: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; Adverse events; Hospital volume; Endoscopic experience
Abstract
Background/Aims: Few studies have addressed the relationship between the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) associated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and hospital case volume or the experience of the endoscopist, but the results have been inconsistent. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of hospital case volume and the experience of the endoscopist on the AEs associated with ERCP and to analyze patient- and procedure-related risk factors for post-ERCP AEs. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2015, we prospectively enrolled patients with naïve papilla who underwent ERCP at six centers. Patient- and procedure-related variables were recorded on data collection sheets at the time of and after ERCP. Results: A total of 1,191 patients (median age, 71 years) were consecutively enrolled; 846 (71.0%) were from four high-volume centers, and 345 (29.0%) were from two low-volume centers. The overall success rate of deep bile duct cannulation was 96.6%. Overall, 244 patients (20.5%) experienced post-ERCP AEs, including pancreatitis (9.0%), bleeding (11.8%), perforation (0.4%), cholangitis (1.2%), and others (0.9%). While post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was more common when the procedure was performed by less experienced endoscopists, bleeding was more common when the procedure was performed in high-volume centers and by less experienced endoscopists. Multivariate analysis showed that a less experience in ERCP was significantly associated with PEP (odds ratio [OR], 1.630; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.050 to 2.531; p=0.030) and post-ERCP bleeding (OR, 1.439; 95% CI, 1.003 to 2.062; p=0.048). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that overall AEs following ERCP were associated with the experience of the endoscopist. To minimize post-ERCP AEs, rigorous training with a sufficient case volume is required, and treatment strategies should be modified according to the endoscopist’s expertise.
Keywords: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; Adverse events; Hospital volume; Endoscopic experience
Search for
Archives