Gut and Liver 2010; 4(1): 54-59 https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl.2010.4.1.54 Does Back-To-Back Capsule Endoscopy Increase the Diagnostic Yield over a Single Examination in Patients with Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding?
Author Information
Byung-Hoon Min*, Dong Kyung Chang*, Beom Jin Kim, In Seok Lee, and Myung-Gyu Choi
*Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung- Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Dong Kyung Chang
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background/Aims: Video capsule endoscopy (CE) can provide a negative result despite the presence of clinically significant small-bowel lesions. We therefore performed a prospective study to elucidate whether repeated back-to-back CE increases the diagnostic yield over a single CE in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). Methods: Sixteen patients with OGIB were prospectively enrolled and underwent back-to-back CE investigation with a 24-hour interval. All CE videos were interpreted by two experienced readers at a maximum 15 frames/second in a random order. Results: The diagnostic yield of the single CE was 37.5% for the first CE, 43.8% for the second CE, and 62.5% for the back-to-back CE. The overall mean lesion-detection rates of the first and second CEs were 42.2% and 64.6%, respectively. The bowel preparation status of the second CE was improved in 37.5% and unchanged in 62.5% of cases as compared with that of the first CE. Conclusions: These results indicate that back-to-back CE may increase the diagnostic yield and lesion-detection rate over a single CE in patients with OGIB. Therefore, if the first CE is not diagnostic in a patient with OGIB, repeat back-to-back CE may be considered as a candidate for further workup. (Gut Liver 2010;4:54-59)
Keywords: Capsule endoscopy; Diagnostic yield; Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding
Abstract
Background/Aims: Video capsule endoscopy (CE) can provide a negative result despite the presence of clinically significant small-bowel lesions. We therefore performed a prospective study to elucidate whether repeated back-to-back CE increases the diagnostic yield over a single CE in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). Methods: Sixteen patients with OGIB were prospectively enrolled and underwent back-to-back CE investigation with a 24-hour interval. All CE videos were interpreted by two experienced readers at a maximum 15 frames/second in a random order. Results: The diagnostic yield of the single CE was 37.5% for the first CE, 43.8% for the second CE, and 62.5% for the back-to-back CE. The overall mean lesion-detection rates of the first and second CEs were 42.2% and 64.6%, respectively. The bowel preparation status of the second CE was improved in 37.5% and unchanged in 62.5% of cases as compared with that of the first CE. Conclusions: These results indicate that back-to-back CE may increase the diagnostic yield and lesion-detection rate over a single CE in patients with OGIB. Therefore, if the first CE is not diagnostic in a patient with OGIB, repeat back-to-back CE may be considered as a candidate for further workup. (Gut Liver 2010;4:54-59)
Keywords: Capsule endoscopy; Diagnostic yield; Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding
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