Gut and Liver https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl17115 von Willebrand Factor Antigen Predicts Outcomes in Patients after Liver Resection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Author Information
Christoph Schwarz1, Fabian Fitschek1, Martina Mittlböck2, Veronika Saukel1, Simona Bota3, Monika Ferlitsch2, Arnulf Ferlitsch4, Martin Bodingbauer1, and Klaus Kaczirek1
1Department of General Surgery and 2Center for Medical Statistics, Informatics, and Intelligent Systems, Section for Clinical Biometrics, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, 3Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nephrology and Endocrinology, Klinikum Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Klagenfurt, and 4Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Martin Bodingbauer
Department of General Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Waerhingergürtel 18-20, Vienna 1090, Austria
Tel: +43(0)1-40400-56210, Fax: +43(0)1-40400-69, E-mail: martin.bodingbauer@meduniwien.ac.at
© The Korean Society of Gastroenterology, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Korean Association the Study of Intestinal Diseases, the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background/Aims: von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF-Ag) is a noninvasive predictor of portal hypertension that serves as a negative prognostic marker in various malignancies. Increased portal hypertension is associated with higher postoperative morbidity and decreased survival after hepatectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between vWF-Ag, postoperative morbidity and oncological outcome. Methods: This analysis includes 55 patients who underwent liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) between 2008 and 2015 with available preoperative vWF-Ag levels. The primary endpoints were postoperative complications and long-term outcome, including overall and disease-free survival. Results: The median plasma level of vWF-Ag was 191% (range, 162.5% to 277%). There was a significant correlation between vWF-Ag levels and tumor size in the resected specimens (p=0.010, r=0.350). Patients who developed any grade of postoperative complication had significantly higher preoperative vWF-Ag levels (216% [range, 178% to 283.25%] vs 176% [range, 148% to 246%], p=0.041). Median overall survival was 39.8 months in patients with high vWF-Ag levels (≥191%) compared with 73.4 months in patients with low levels (<191%, p=0.007). Of note, there was a remarkable disparity in the number of patients who died of HCC with low versus high vWF-Ag levels (14.8% vs 28.6%, p=0.011). Conclusions: vWF-Ag may serve as a prognostic marker for the outcome of patients undergoing liver resection for HCC that is closely connected to tumor size, postoperative complication rate and long-term outcome.
Keywords: von Willebrand factor; Outcome; Hepatectomy; Carcinoma, hepatocellular
Abstract
Background/Aims: von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF-Ag) is a noninvasive predictor of portal hypertension that serves as a negative prognostic marker in various malignancies. Increased portal hypertension is associated with higher postoperative morbidity and decreased survival after hepatectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between vWF-Ag, postoperative morbidity and oncological outcome. Methods: This analysis includes 55 patients who underwent liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) between 2008 and 2015 with available preoperative vWF-Ag levels. The primary endpoints were postoperative complications and long-term outcome, including overall and disease-free survival. Results: The median plasma level of vWF-Ag was 191% (range, 162.5% to 277%). There was a significant correlation between vWF-Ag levels and tumor size in the resected specimens (p=0.010, r=0.350). Patients who developed any grade of postoperative complication had significantly higher preoperative vWF-Ag levels (216% [range, 178% to 283.25%] vs 176% [range, 148% to 246%], p=0.041). Median overall survival was 39.8 months in patients with high vWF-Ag levels (≥191%) compared with 73.4 months in patients with low levels (<191%, p=0.007). Of note, there was a remarkable disparity in the number of patients who died of HCC with low versus high vWF-Ag levels (14.8% vs 28.6%, p=0.011). Conclusions: vWF-Ag may serve as a prognostic marker for the outcome of patients undergoing liver resection for HCC that is closely connected to tumor size, postoperative complication rate and long-term outcome.
Keywords: von Willebrand factor; Outcome; Hepatectomy; Carcinoma, hepatocellular
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